He lived in his father’s land, Erebus, at the edge of the world but came out each night as part of his mother’s retinue. O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) : 396 ff (trans. Aen. Nyx, however, took her son in to protect him. ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3. "[The Erinyes speak :] ‘Hear my anger, mother Nyx (Night); for the deceptions of the gods.’", Aeschylus, Eumenides 961 ff : Goddess Nyx Story. ", Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. 5. "From the other side [of Elysium] sluggish streams of darksome night belch forth a boundless gloom. Campbell, Vol. "Silent Nyx (Night) shrouded the west in her own colour, and scored the sky across with her own starry cloak. A dark goddess to be both feared and loved, here is everything you need to know about Nyx, the primordial goddess of the night! ", Orphic Hymn 7 to the Astron (trans. : Bacchylides, Fragment 1b (trans. Nyx as the Goddess of Night. . 1068), (Aeschyluls Eumenides 321 & 415 & 745 & 961), (Aeschyluls Eumenides 321, Lycophron 432, Virgil Aeneid 6.250, Ovid Metamorphoses 4.453). 160 ff : ", Colluthus, Rape of Helen 319 ff (trans. 211.) Often, the mists of the night were represented by a black cloak that arched above her, particularly in sculpture. . 469F) : Euripides, Ion 1150 ff (trans. . Greek Lyric IV) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) § 1). Despite being and representing the night, Goddess Nyx … Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) ", Statius, Thebaid 2. Campbell) (Greek lyric B.C.) . 14) she was the daughter of Eros. Theog. West) (Greek hymns C3rd - C2nd B.C.) Philotes – She was the personification of affection and friendship. Apate – The personification of deception and fraud, she often worked at night. 656 ff : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 10. x. ", Seneca, Hercules Furens 1063 ff (trans. : Like most ancient cultures, the Greeks believed that the darkness of night brought a variety of evils out. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Colluthus, Rape of Helen 319 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek astronomy C3rd B.C.) "At night the goddess Nox (Night) [Nyx] has the crested bird [the rooster] slain for awakening the warm day with its cry. : Greek Lyric V Anonymous, Fragment 1023 (from Berlin Papyrus) : Aeschylus, Agamemnon 355 ff (trans. Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) 451 ff (trans. to C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. "[Hypnos speaks :] ‘For Nyx (Night) brought me not forth . Here too is what is called the Chamber of Demeter, built, they say, by Kar when he was king. thou divine Nyx (Night)! 6 (trans. to C1st A.D.) : Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : : Her residence was in the darkness of Hades. For ships in trouble pain her heart, and other signs in other quarters she kindles in sorrow for mariners, storm-buffeted at sea. : ‘Tell me, Laggard Nyx (Night), when is envious Eos (Dawn) to set? Campbell, Vol. NYX was the goddess of the night, one of the primordial gods (protogenoi) who emerged as the dawn of creation. ", Orphic Hymn 3 to Nyx (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) "[From a description of an ancient Greek painting depicting the funeral of Memnon :] [1.6] EOS-HEMERA (Quintus Smyrnaeus 2.549) [the witch] Medea . While the night could be feared, it could also be welcomed for its stillness and the arrival of prophetic and beautiful dreams. By night, for example, sailors could see the stars they used to navigate. 758B) : ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 25. . "[Hypnos (Sleep) had conspired with Hera to put Zeus to sleep so that she could drive her stepson Dionysos mad :] [Zeus] would have imprisoned Hypnos (Sleep) in the darksome pit of gloom [Tartaros] to dwell along with murky Iapetos, but for the prayers of Nyx (Night) the vanquisher of gods and men. ii. Love, specifically romantic and sexual love, had existed before even Gaia came into being. the god [Phanes] who first sprang forth into the Aither (Aether, Light). The various forms of death, suffering, old age, and other unhappy parts of life were dark and dangerous but as inescapable as the will of the Fates. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. "[Phanes] placed his distinguished sceptre [the rulership of the universe] in the hands of goddess Nyx (Night), that she hold royalty . "Nyx (Night) threw her shadow on the world. and thou, divine three-formed Hecate . Do not provoke Gaia (Earth), my [Nyx's] father's [Khaos'] agemate, from whom alone we are all sprung, we who dwell in Olympos.’", Homer, Iliad 14. Memnon has been stolen away and is at the edge of the painting. While many specific actions were only possible at night, people as a whole had reason to thank her for providing a time of rest at the end of a long day of toil. 403 ff (trans. Nyx is the patron of witches and witches, she is the Goddess of night secrets and mysteries, queen of night stars.Nix is worshiped by witches and witches, who believed that she gives the land fertility to sprout enchanted herbs. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : Sandys) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) "Torch-bearing Hekate (Hecate), . These cults had a cosmology and worldview that often differed from that of mainstream Greek religion. "The choir-leaders of the Hesperides (Evenings) driving their two-horse chariot along the path of night to the new turning-point, where Nyx (Night) passes through the light-bringing radiance in the eastern air; and she brings the day's light, flying over the misty wave, a guide for sailors . : ", Orphica, Argonautica 12 ff (trans. [1.4] THE NEMESES (Pausanias 7.5.3) Oizys – One of the most malevolent children of Nyx, she was the embodiment of misery and suffering. : Hesiod, Theogony 744 ff (trans. 163 ff (trans. 2. The Erinyes – According to Aeschylus and Virgil, the Furies were the daughters of night. 231 ff (trans. ", Statius, Thebaid 1. "Nox (Night) [Nyx] approaches: a garland of poppies binds her peaceful brow, black Somnia (Dreams) [Oneiroi] trail her. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. The darkness and stillness of night allowed them to sneak into the city, ending a ten-year siege. 192 ff (trans. Instead of relying on the divine oracles of Apollo, a god of the day and sunlight, they believed that at the far reaches of the world Nyx occupied a cave from which she gave more accurate prophesies than any other god was capable of. went forth alone upon her roaming way, in the deep stillness of the midnight hour . Nyx (/ n ɪ k s /; Ancient Greek: Νῠ́ξ, Nýx, , 'Night') is the Greek goddess (or personification) of the night.A shadowy figure, Nyx stood at or near the beginning of creation and mothered other personified deities such as Hypnos (Sleep) and Thanatos (Death), with Erebus (Darkness). . 39. ", Virgil, Aeneid 12. [1.3] EROS, AITHER (Aristophanes Birds 685 & 1190) Their children, Hemera (Day) and Aether (Brightness) would be the first to illuminate both Uranus and the surface of Gaia. 11 (trans. Deor. "Nox (Night) came on, and laid to rest the cares of men and the prowlings of wild beasts, and wrapped the heavens in her dusky shroud, coming to all with kindly influence. Okeanos (Oceanus)], fleeing the gloom of holy Nyx (Night) of sable steeds." She is the representation of the night and the night itself is Nyx. ", Ovid, Fasti 4. : Orphica, Theogonies Fragments (from the Deveni Papyrus) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 31. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) vi. Nyx was occasionally helpful to the gods, as well. Zeus raged, beating other gods within his household and searching everywhere for the god of sleep. While Gaia is the more notable of these, Nyx also made appearances in later legends. [1.3] HYPNOS, THANATOS (Homer Iliad 14.231, Seneca Hercules Fur. He would not have a blue color until the Titaness Theia took her place. . "[Medea] turned her steps to her native stream [the River Phasis], and begins her fruitless sacrifice to terror-bringing Nox (Night). Vellacott) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) . Like most of the primordial beings, she was considered both too incorporeal and too unlike humans to have little care over what they did. Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3. [1.5] MOROS (FATUM), GERAS (SENECTUS), THANATOS (MORS), KER (LETUM), SOPHROSYNE (CONTINENTIA), HYPNOS (SOMNUS), ONEIROI (SOMNIA), EROS (AMOR), EPIPHRON, PORPHYRION, EPAPHOS, ERIS (DISCORDIA), OIZYS (MISERIA), HYBRIS (PETULANTIA), NEMESIS, EUPHROSYNE, PHILOTES (AMICITIA), ELEOS (MISERICORDIA), STYX, MOIRAI (PARCAE), HESPERIDES (by Erebos) (Hyginus Preface) 1 : For example, one episode of the Iliad showed that at one point Nyx kept Zeus himself from having justice. Nyx’s story, like the Goddess herself, is quite obscure. Nyx kindles like signs of storm upon the gleaming Altar. . As the goddess of night and the consort of darkness, Nyx had an obvious place within the mystery cults of Greek religion. The Oneiroi – Also denizens of Erebus, the Oneiroi were the. ., daughter of great-bosomed Nyx (Night). ", Statius, Thebaid 3. "Two demon fiends there are, called by the name of Furiae (Furies) [Erinyes], whom darkest Nox (Night) [Nyx] brought forth at one and the same birth with hellish Megaera, breeding all three alike with the twining coils of serpents and giving them wings like the wind . Like most gods, Nyx tended to have children that reflected more specific aspects of her own broad domain. Represented as the goddess Nyx, it was one of the primordial elements from which everything else, including the gods, was created. 115 ff (trans. "[Zeus] resolved to mount Semele's nightly couch, and turned his eye to the west, to see when sweet Hesperos would come . 6 (trans. When she did, she was depicted as a goddess to be feared and respected, even by the king of the gods himself. to 2nd A.D.) : Orphica, Argonautica 12 ff (trans. West) (Greek hymns C3rd - C2nd B.C.) Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. 280 ff : ", Homer, Iliad 8. 175; Virg. A few, however, continued to occasionally feature in the stories of the Olympians. Either therefore you must accept these monstrosities or you must discard the first claimants also." Tartarus, for example, remained an important place but was rarely regarded as a character. Her name could also be used as a term for sexual intercourse, which happened under her mother’s power. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) ii. "Aeneas sacrificed a black-fleeced lamb to Nox (Night) [Nyx], the mother of the Furiae (Furies) [Erinyes]. "They [the people of Smyrna] believe in two Nemeses instead of one; they say Nyx was their mother. And Gaia (Gaea, Earth) first bore starry Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven), equal to herself, to cover her on every side. [3.1] HEKATE (Bacchylides Frag 1B). Also she bare the Moirai (Moirae, Fates) and the ruthless avenging Keres (Deaths) . Nyx Greek Goddess of the Night . Many of the children of Nyx were unwelcome but unavoidable. "The ugly form of Hypnos' (Sleep's) mother the blackgirdled goddess Nyx (Night) . : Aristophanes, Birds 685 ff (trans. ", Bacchylides, Fragment 1b (trans. "When spangled-robed (poikileimôn) night (nyx) shall veil his [the sun's] brightness. ", Greek Lyric V Anonymous, Fragment 931 (from Oxyrhynchus Papyrus) (trans. Nyx was the primordial goddess of the night in Greek mythology. "O Nox (Night) who castest thy mantle over the toiling earth and heaven, and sendest the fiery stars on their divers roaming courses, gracious refresher of the mind, till the next sun shed blithe upspringing upon faint mortality, thou, kindly Nox . 661 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. 192 ff (trans. These primordial gods represented the very foundations of the universe. 627 ff : 59 : Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Also deadly Nyx bare Nemesis to afflict mortal men, and after her, Apate (Deceit) and Philotes (Sex) and hateful Geras (Old Age) and hard-hearted Eris (Strife). Out in the west, beyond the farthest Aithiopian (Ethiopian) hills, Helios the Sun was sinking under the darkening world; Nyx (Night) was harnessing her team [of horses]. to C1st A.D.) : Seneca, Hercules Furens 125 ff (trans. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 11. 17.) Hypnos – The personification of sleep. ", Hesiod, Works & Days 17 ff : "Nyx (night) with her gentle ban on man's activities descended on the company. While she was sometimes depicted as a woman en-robed in dark mists, she was understood to be the night itself. Then to the stars she stretched her arms, and thrice she turned about and thrice bedewed her locks with water, thrice a wailing cry she gave, then kneeling on the stony ground, ‘O Nox (Night) [Nyx], Mother of Mysteries, and all ye golden Astra (Stars) . Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : Philostratus the Younger, Imagines 5 (trans. On the chest of Cypselus she was represented carrying in her arms the gods of Sleep and Death, as two boys (v. 18. 210 ff (trans. Believers in the mystery cults also thought that Nyx could be reached by those who sought to learn more about the world. [1.2] HEMERA (by Khronos) (Bacchylides Frag 7) It was also believed that Nix has complete control over life and death, both for men and for Gods. Her children became her opposites, balancing the powers of their mother and father. [2.1] OURANOS (Orphic Argonautica 12, Orphic Frag Deveni Papyrus) "The [constellation] Altar even beyond aught else hath ancient Nyx (Night), weeping the woe of men, set to be a mighty sign of storm at sea. "The many-eyed embroidery of blue-black Nyx (Night). : Aeschylus, Eumenides 321 ff (trans. He accompanied his sister and consort, Nyx, as she moved across the sky. Glowing Helios (the Sun) never looks upon them with his beams, neither as he goes up into heaven nor as he comes down from heaven. 1057 ff : Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. Before the cavern's mouth lush poppies grow and countless herbs, from whose bland essences a drowsy infusion dewy Nox (Night) [Nyx] distils and sprinkles sleep across the darkening world. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : "Thus as she [Eos the Dawn] cried [after the death of her son Memnon], the tears ran down her face immortal, like a river brimming aye: drenched was the dark earth round the corse. (Hes. Dec 10, 2019 - Explore Hannah-Luu's board "Nyx, Goddess of the Night", followed by 1659 people on Pinterest. "Dewy Nox (Night) upon the Hesperian shore has reached her goal [departing from the sky as dawn breaks]. She often featured in the background of worship of other deities like Artemis or Hecate. Nyx, parent goddess, source of sweet repose from whom at first both Gods and men arose. I am the owner and chief researcher at this site. . The Moirai – There was no agreement over the parentage of the Fates. She is usually seen riding in a chariot, trailing stars and painting the night sky accompanied with her two sons, Hypnos and Thanatos. 39. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 6. ", Statius, Thebaid 2. ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 3. . She was occasionally shown with wings to fly across the dark sky, but more often was pulled by a chariot. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) : Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. . Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Homer, Iliad 14. 1 ff : Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. He was often associated with the Moirai, the Fates. "Eris (Strife) . "Radiant daughter [Hemera the Day] of Khronos (Chronos, Time) and Nyx (Night). All subsequent life and material came from them. 392 ff : West) (Greek hymns C3rd - C2nd B.C.) Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3. 748; Eurip. The idea of Nyx as a prophetic goddess and the mother of Eros sometimes crept into more mainstream writings as well as the poems and hymns of the Orphic cults. She did not only have an important place in the lore of witchcraft, however. Day-Lewis) (Roman epic C1st B.C.) . Kronos (Cronus) who did a mighty deed to Ouranos (Uranus, Sky), son of Nyx (Night), who became king first of all; following him again Kronos (Time), and then Zeus the contriver. Hesiod, Theogony 115 ff (trans. to C1st A.D.) : Ovid, Fasti 4. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Athenian Red Figure Vase Painting C4th B.C. "It [the river Rhone of Northern Europe] rises at the world's end, by the gates and courts of Nyx (Night), and flows on in three streams, one of which debouches on the shores of Okeanos (Oceanus), another into the Ionian Sea. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : "[From a description of an ancient Greek painting of the infant Herakles wrestling with the serpents :] Nyx (Night) also, the time in which these events take place, is represented in human form she is shedding a light upon herself with a torch that the exploit of the child may not lack a witness. : When Eos, the goddess of the dawn, lost her human son in battle Nyx prematurely came over the earth so his body could be safely retrieved in darkness. She could also be a calm and kind goddess, though. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. Be present, Goddess, to thy suppliant's prayer, desired by all, whom all alike revere, blessed, benevolent, with friendly aid dispel the fears of twilight's dreadful shade. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : If they heed her favouring signs . The chariot moving across the sky was a common element of ancient cosmology, and one she shared with the sun god Helios and his lunar sister Selene. 142 ff (trans. The inscriptions declare, as one could infer without inscriptions, that the figures are Thanatos (Death) and Hypnos (Sleep), with Nyx (Night) the nurse of both. . iii. The woods (wonder of wonders!) Nyx was the primordial goddess of the night in Greek mythology. ", Bacchylides, Fragment 25 (trans. She could be so fearsome that even Zeus did not dare to upset her when she took one of her children under her protection. In Greek mythology, Nyx is the Goddess of the Night. . : Unlike Thanatos, he embodied a violent or sudden end and was often accompanied by pain and fear. 17 (trans. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) . "When you have ascended the citadel [of Megara], which even at the present day is called Karia (Caria) from Kar (Car), son of Phoroneus, you see a temple of Dionysos Nyktelios (Nyctelius, Nocturnal), a sanctuary built to Aphrodite Epistrophia (She who turns men to love), an oracle called that of Nyx (Night) and a temple of Zeus Konios (Cronius, Dusty) without a roof. Goddess of phantoms and of shadowy play, whose drowsy power divides the natural day; by fate's decree you constant send the light to deepest hell, remote from mortal sight; for dire necessity (ananke), which nought withstands, invests the world with adamantine bands. In the ancient cosmogonies Night is one of the very first created beings, for she is described as the daughter of Chaos, and the sister of Erebus, by whom she became the mother of Aether and Hemera. And there the children of dark Nyx (Night) have their dwellings, Hypnos (Sleep) and Thanatos (Death) , awful gods. 231 ff (trans. [Hypnos addresses Hera :] ‘That time I laid to sleep the brain in Zeus of the aegis and drifted upon him still and soft, but your mind was devising evil, and you raised along the sea the blasts of the racking winds, and on these swept him away to Kos (Cos), the strong-founded, with all his friends lost, but Zeus awakened in anger and beat the gods up and down his house, looking beyond all others for me, and would have sunk me out of sight in the sea from the bright sky had not Nyx (Night) who has power over gods and men rescued me. 250 ff (trans. Cicero's list mostly follows Hesiod's Theogony, albeit with Latin translations of the word-names]. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) . Nyx Greek Goddess of the Night . Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Poseidon was one of the most venerated gods in all of the Greek world, but who... Like many Greek gods, Poseidon was worshiped under many names that give insight into his importance... Aeolus: Three Connected Figures in Greek Mythology. 11 (trans. "Quiet Nyx (Night) covered all the earth in her dark shades. As part of their efforts to understand the secrets of death and the nature of the afterlife, they prioritized deities who were associated with those realms. A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page. . 1068) The Orphic mystery cults did not represent the common view of cosmology and the divine hierarchy of Greek mythology, but they ended up having an influence nonetheless. The woods (wonder of wonders!) Homer (Il. Hesiod, Theogony 115 ff (trans. Nox (Night) herself, aghast, wheels her dense shade more slowly. "[The Greeks celebrate the fall of Troy, captured by night using guile :] ‘Hail, sovereign (basileus) Zeus, and you kindly Night (nyx philia), you who have given us great glory, you who cast your meshed snare upon the towered walls of Troy.’", Aeschylus, Libation Bearers 660 ff : 40. : Pindar, Dirges Fragment 129 (trans. See more ideas about goddess, nyx, singularity marvel. She was the consort of Erebus, the primordial darkness. : Bacchylides, Fragment 25 (trans. While Nyx moved across the sky at night, Hemera ruled it by day. Athenian Black Figure Vase Painting C5th B.C. ", Aratus, Phaenomena 468 ff : ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 12. Practitioners of magic were thought to be most powerful in the dark and could only perform many of their spells under the night sky. "There [in Lemnos] she [Hera] encountered Hypnos (Hypnus, Sleep), the brother of Thanatos (Thanatus, Death) . de Nat. Please like and share this article if you found it useful. ", Statius, Thebaid 1. "[Depicted amongst the illustrations carved on the chest of Kypselos (Cypselus) at Olympia :] There is a figures of a woman holding on her right arm a white child asleep, and on her left she has a black child like one who is asleep. They greeted each other at the door in the morning and at twilight, but never shared the house at the same time. It is unsurprising that Nyx was closely linked to Hecate, the goddess of magic and witchcraft. And Vulcanus' [Hephaistos'] fire shall eat the lustral entrails, where-o'er the new milk streams. : She put the world to sleep. "Phaethon [Helios the Sun] had left the rounded sky, and turned his car towards setting: silent Nyx (Night) leapt up from earth into the air like a high-stretching cone, and wrapped heaven about in a starry robe spangling the welkin. 1 : Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. "The Night-Born Sisters (Sorores Genitae Nocte) [Erinyes], divinities implacable, doom-laden. 97 ff (trans. . According to Hesiod, the two shared a home at the edges of the world. : [missing text] holy . ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. Nyx is the Greek goddess of night, but she isn’t just for Greeks, of course. . 1 ff : Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 35. She was one of the primeval deities, born from Chaos, a sister of Erebus (Darkness), whom she married. . Nyx was a primordial deity in Greek mythology who proceeded the Titans and the Olympians. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) She did not just rule over the night, she was the embodiment of night itself. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 7. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : Orphic Hymn 3 to Nyx (trans. My work has also been published on Buzzfeed and most recently in Time magazine. "Then rose from Okeanos (Oceanus) Eos (Dawn) the golden-throned up to the heavens; Nyx (Night) into Khaos (Chaos) sank. : Greek Lyric V Anonymous, Fragment 931 (from Oxyrhynchus Papyrus) (trans. -Ovid, Metamorphoses 10. 1 (trans. 7; Virg. "And Nyx (Night), respite from labour after the journey of the sun, lightened sleep and brought the beginning of wandering morn; and opened the two gates of Dreams (Oneiroi). 435 ff : Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. "Rose Eos (the dawn), and thrust back kindly Nyx (Night) to Erebos (Netherworld Darkness). ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 7. "All the stars wheeled aloft by Nyx (Night). In the beginning only Erebus and Nyx drove a dark chariot across Uranus. She was also the mother of many other divine children. Campbell, Vol. ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. "And Nyx bare hateful Moros (Doom of Death) and black Ker (Fate of Death) and Thanatos (Thanatus, Death), and she bare Hypnos (Hypnus, Sleep) and the tribe of Oneiroi (Dreams).
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